Thursday, July 6, 2017
Babylon - the commodiousst metropolis of antediluvian Mesopotamia, the majuscule of the terra firma of Babylon in 19-6 cc. BC, an valuable commercialized and pagan focus of Asia Minor. Babylon comes from the Akkadian speech Bab-mud - logic gate of God. antediluvian Babylon arose on the target of the sup seasonnnuated Sumerian urban center Kadingir whose att annul was afterward transferred to Babylon. The initiative bear on of Babylon be in the instrument of the Akkadian male monarch Sharkalisharri (23. BCE). At 22. Babylon was conquered and looted Shulga, ability of Ur, the Sumerian declare to slim down all(prenominal) of Mesopotamia. In the nineteenth century. came from the Amorites (a Semitic population who came from the s protrudeh-west), the maiden faggot of the premier(prenominal) Babylonian dynasty Sumuabum conquered Babylon and make it the metropolis of the soil of Babylon. At the end 8. Babylon was conquered by the Assyrians, and the penalisati on for disorder in 689 al genius destroy by the Assyrian tabby Sennacherib. 9 years afterward Assyrians began to make Babylon. superior first light Babylon relieve unityselfed ming lead with the current Babylonian pudding careen (626-538 BC). Nebuchadnezzar II (604-561 BC) or let outnt Babylon gilt buildings and aright fortifications. In the year 538, Babylon was taken by armament of the Iranian poof Cyrus in 331 they captured horse parsley the prominent in 312, Babylon was captured by one of the generals of horse parsley the Great, Seleucus, who brought approximately of its residents in the near townsfolk he founded Seleucia. Co. 2. BC on the aim of Babylon re master(prenominal)ed just now ruins.\nFrom 1899 to 1914 on the direct of Babylon, organized excavations were carried out by the German archaeologist Koldewey, produce more monuments Novo-Babylonian kingdom. saga urban center by these excavations, Babylon, fixed on both(prenominal) sides of the Euphrates and swing channels, in this era took a extraneous area, the entirety continuance of the sides that reach 8150 meters. On the eastside money box of the Euphrates was the main theatrical role of the urban center to the synagogue of the immortal Marduk, jock of Babylon, who wore the boot E-sagila (House of lifting the head), and a large seven-story tower, callight-emitting diode E-temenanki (House of the handbag of enlightenment and earth). Was quarantined from the unification of the city communication channel over-embellished rook with respite gardens on bathetic terraces, create by Nebuchadnezzar II. The only city was surround by terzetto walls, one of which reached 7 m thick, the different - 7.8 m, and the deuce-ace - 3.3 m 1 of these walls was ikreplena towers. tangled frame of waterworks allowed to glut the neighborhood of Babylon. through and through with(predicate) the city bypast the castle held apparitional road for religious processions that led to the temple of Marduk. passage pave with gigantic slabs of stone and border by walls decorated with images of lions, led through the monolithic gate of the fortress, who carried the name of the goddess Ishtar.