Wednesday, February 13, 2019

Androgyny in the Characters of Macbeth and Lady Macbeth Essay -- GCSE

Androgyny in the Characters of Macbeth and noblewoman Macbeth In her book, Woman and sexual urge in Renaissance Tragedy, Dympna Callaghan addresses the presentation of women in Elizabethan England, stating that women were clearly socially subordinate, and the preponderance of discourse on the gender hierarchy was misogynistic (Callaghan 12). According to Marianne L. Novy in Loves Argument Gender Relations in Shakespeare Woman seems to be associated with qualities - emotions, fears, - one has against ones will, and man with a preferable mode of existence. Men are exhorted to be men, and women, playfully or seriously, often attempt to imitate men (Novy 198). While men and women were born(p) different, it was societys treatment of their distinguishing sexual traits that defined them either as masculine, and thus in a amaze of power, or as powder-puff and unable to take exception male authority. Much of the literature composed in Elizabethan England reflects, whether advisedly o r inadvertently, the gender inequities cited by Callaghan, Novy, and others. In William Shakespeares Macbeth, the dynamics of the marriage between Macbeth and Lady Macbeth involve a mutual striving towards manhood as a result of misplaced gender traits in each. Shakespeare develops the androgyny of Macbeth and Lady Macbeth, and this becomes the basis for the offenses they commit in the play. Both characters achieve a position of power and authority through the use of their masculine characteristics, but their feminine characteristics make their gains tenuous and ultimataly cause their downfall. Throughout the play Shakespeare presents the feminine traits at heart Macbeth as the characteristics that mark him as a flawed man. When Macbeth says... ...speare. Chapel pitchers mound The University of North Carolina Press, 1984 5. Ussher, Jane. Womens Madness Misogyny or Mental Illness?. Amherst University of mamma Press, 1991 6. Williams, Juanita. Psychology of Women. New York W.W. Norton & Company, 1987 WORKS REFERENCED 1. Belsey, Catherine. The Subject of Tragedy. London Methuen, 1985 2. Biggins, Dennis. familiarity, Witchcraft, and fury in Macbeth. Shakespeare Studies VII (1975) 3. Gilligan, Carol. In a Different Voice mental Theory and Womens Development. Cambridge Harvard University Press, 1982 4. Hogrefe, Pearl. Tudor Women Commoners and Queens. Ames Iowa State University Press, 1975 5. Howells, John, ed. World History of Psychiatry. New York Brunner/Mazel, 1975 6. Millett, Kate. Sexual Politics. New York Ballantine Books, 1987

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